Childrens Handbook

Taekwondo for Children

Here are a few things to know about
joining Calgary Taekwondo Academy


Taekwondo is an ancient and traditional martial art that emphasizes the ancient and honored values of respect and loyalty for one’s country, parents, elders, teachers, friends, and fellow classmates. Loosely translated, Taekwondo means “the way of the foot and fi st”. Today, taekwondo is rapidly becoming a popular Olympic sport that is practiced by over 60 million people in the world. From children to adults, taekwondo has many great things to offer.

How to Tie the Belt

  1. Pull a length of the belt across the stomach.
  2. Wrap twice around the body taking care not to twist the belt. Make sure that the belt does not cross at the back.
  3. The side that ends up on top is then tucked under both pieces. Grasp both ends and tighten. Be sure that both pieces even length.
  4. Place the top piece on the bottom piece and pull the top piece through the hole.
  5. Tighten the belt and the ends down.


Charyot (attention). Stand with your arms at your side, hands in fists, and feet together.
Kyung Neh (bow). Bow from the waist.

How to Salute the Flags

Charyot (attention). Stand with your arms at your side, hands in fi sts, and feet toghether facing the flags.
Kyung Neh (bow). Place your right hand on the left side of your chest.


Sit up straight with your legs crossed and hands resting on your knees.

The Dobok and Dojang

What is the meaning of the Dobok?

  • Everyone regardless of age, gender, or race wears the same uniform. This symbolizes the equality of everyone while training.
  • The collar on the dobok distinguishes the black belt holders from the colored belt holders.
  • Around the dobok a dti (belt) is worn showing the rank of the student. Gup holders wear colored belts while Dan/Poom holders wear black or poom belts.

What is the Dojang?

  • The dojang is the area where we train, learn and become educated in martial arts.
  • The dojang is a place that must be respected by all students. It is not a playground.
  • Students are expected to act appropriately even when class is not in session.
  • All students must bow to the flags as we enter the dojang, and as we leave. This is remind us of our love and loyalty to Canada; our respect of South Korea, the place of origin of Taekwondo; and the World Taekwondo Federation flag which is the organization to which we belong.


Attitude is the most important learning tool that you have. Having a proper attitude towards learning makes a difference in how much you learn and how well you can perfect what you’ve learned. Below are examples of Attitude, please check one of the boxes that applies to you.

The Poor Student

Lazy and expects results without sweat. They feel that their skill level is good enough. As a result, these students stop trying to improve their skill set and abilities.

The Good Student

Has the desire to learn and achieve. They want to learn more and improve their abilities but have difficulty understanding that hard work provides results. These students often convince themselves that they can’t do certain things without realizing this type of attitude causes themselves to under perform.

The Excellent Student

The excellent student learns techniques. They have a good understanding about their abilities and potential. They often accept hard work without question, understanding that with practice, determination, and perseverance they can achieve great results.

Black Belt Attitude

Attitude is often the main difference between a colored belt and a black belt. Black belts have a firm understanding that each technique or skill can always be better improved. The attitude of a black belt is simple: “I am strong, I am skilled, I can do it, and I will practice to be perfect.”

Practice, Practice, Practice

All students are encouraged to practice at home and in the dojang. Practicing will help you improve your memory and focus. The more you practice the better your technique, poomse and stretching will become.

Beginner and intermediate students often think, “I already know it. Why do I have to practice it? I’m good enough at it!” This attitude will ruin your ability to learn and improve.

Black Belt Attitude applies to everyone. When you see any of the black belts, or instructors practicing in from of the mirror, ask yourself “Why would they do that? Why do the instructors keep practicing low section block and middle section punch?” To improve them, of course. Even black belts and instructors must practice constantly.

Practice at home:

  1. Focus and concentrate on what you are doing.
  2. Practice stretching often. Flexibility is important in Taekwondo.
  3. Stay hydrated by drinking water.
  4. Practice counting and korean terms with a friend or parent.
  5. Practice techniques, movements, and poomse that your instructor has taught you.
  6. For ideas on how to practice better at home, please talk to Master Kim or your instructor.


What is the code of honor or the Kyo Hoon?

The Kyo Hoon or the code of honor is an ancient creed that we often refer to as “the way of the warrior”. This applies to the way that we train at the dojang, the way that we perform at promotion tests, and the way that we conduct ourselves in Taekwondo competitions. It is the proper mindset or attitude that we should have towards ourselves, each other, and the instructor(s).


Respect for the natural order of the universe. This respect is shown through loyalty to family, parents, country, master, dojang, fellow classmates, and one’s self.


Modesty often expressed in a quiet confidence and self awareness which never permits arrogance or conceit.


Integrity is to deal honorably and with high principles towards other and self.


Endurance to overcome mental and physical hardships to achieve personal goals. Ultimately, learning to control the body with the mind.

Indomitable Spirit

Indomitable spirit is inner strength of character, which is essential for the highest development as a human being and as a practitioner of taekwondo.

Calgary Taekwondo Academy Member Oath

Now that you are a student at Calgary Taekwondo Academy, please remember that in joining our academy you have agreed to train according to the Membership Oath. The membership oath stated below is to remind you about the attitudes that are present towards ourselves and to others whether we are at the dojang or outside of the dojang.

We as members train our minds, bodies and spirits according to the Code of Honor or Kyo Hoon.
We as members are united in mutual friendship.
We as members will comply with regulations and obey instructions.

Tenents of Taekwondo

Courtesy is:

  • Being nice.
  • Being kind.
  • Being polite and respectful.
  • Helping others.
  • Always saying please, thank you and excuse me.

Courtesy is NOT:

  • Being rude.
  • Talking back.
  • Laughing at others.

Integrity is:

  • Being honest.
  • Being fair.
  • Keeping promises.
  • Keeping your word to others.
  • Being able to learn from your mistakes.
  • Knowing the difference between right and wrong.

Integrity is NOT:

  • Lying, cheating or stealing.
  • Saying bad things of other people.
  • Hurting others by what we say.

Perseverance is:

  • Trying your best all the time.
  • Finishing what your started.
  • Learning to be the best that you can be.
  • Setting realistic goals.
  • Achieving your goals and aspirations.
  • Understanding each goal has a short or long journey.

Perseverance is NOT:

  • Being afraid of the goal ahead.

Self Control is:

  • Controlling yourself.
  • Controlling the things you say and do.
  • Being in control of your emotions.
  • Controlling your mind and thoughts.
  • Knowing when its okay to have fun.

Self Control is NOT:

  • Getting angry or having tantrums.
  • Taking or doing something without permission.
  • Running around screaming and jumping.
  • Hurting others physically or with words.
  • Laughing uncontrollably.

Indomitable Spirit is:

  • Never giving up.
  • Being brave.
  • Having courage.
  • Having great will power to fi nish what your started.
  • Overcoming your own fear.
  • Overcoming your own weaknesses.
  • Standing up for what is right.

Korean Taekwondo Terms

Why do we use these terms?

Korean terms are used daily at the dojang. We use the following korean terms during stretching, basics, patterns, sparring, and board breaking. In traditional TKD,
Korean terms are a valuable tool to be learned and used during class time. If you aren’t sure how to pronounce some of the words listed below please ask Master Kim, instructor or black belt for help.

  • Charyot: Attention
  • Kyung Neh: Bow
  • Joon Bee: Ready
  • Shi Jak: Start/Begin
  • Dwiro Dora: About Turn
  • Paro: Reset to Beginning
  • Keuman: End/Finish
  • Gam Sa Ham Ni Da: Thank You
  • Kalyeo: Break
  • Gaesok: Continue
  • Dobok: Uniform
  • Dojang: Studio /Gym
  • Poomse: Form/Pattern
  • Taegeuk: Name of Poomse
  • Jang: Section
  • Kyurugi: Sparring
  • Kyukpa: Breaking
  • Sa Bum Nim: Master
  • Sa Bum Nim Ggae Kyung Neh: Bow to the Master
  • Sa Bum Nim Gam Sa Ham Ni Da: Master, Thank You

Counting in Korean

Counting is always used during warmups, stretching, basics and poomse. Remember that you may be asked to count during warm ups.

  1. Hana: One
  2. Dool: Two
  3. Set: Three
  4. Net: Four
  5. Tah Sut: Five
  6. Yah Sut: Six
  7. Eel Gope: Seven
  8. Yuh Dul: Eight
  9. Ahope: Nine
  10. Yul: Ten

Taekwondo, has a set of numbers that is used to refer to poomses. For example, first poomse and second poomse would be pronounced as Taegeuk Il Jang and Taeguk Ee Jang.

  1. Eel: First
  2. Ee: Second
  3. Sam: Third
  4. Sa: Fourth
  5. Oh: Fifth
  6. Yook: Sixth
  7. Chil: Seventh
  8. Pal: Eighth
  9. Koo: Nineth
  10. Ship: Tenth

Rules at the Dojang

How do these rules apply to me? These rules are for the benefit of all students and must be followed in order to maintain one’s standing in the school. Some of the rules are set in place to help
ensure your safety as well as the safety of others.


  1. Outdoor foot wear must be removed before entering the school. This applies to students and visitors.
  2. All jewelry must be removed for your safety and the safety of others.
  3. Long hair must be tied back.
  4. Hand and feet must be clean. Finger nails and toe nails must be trimmed short.
  5. Do not chew gum while in class.
  6. Do not climb or lean against equipment, walls, windows, and mirrors.
  7. Do not lie down or sit down during a class unless you have been told to.
  8. Profanity, horseplay, loud laughing, loud talking or any lack of self discipline and control will not be tolerated. Please maintain a quiet, respectful attitude before, during and after class.
  9. Treat the dojang and equipment with respect. Any damage suffered to school property is the sole responsibility of the student. Any damages must be repaired and paid for within seven days of the occurrence by the student responsible for the damage.
  10. Uniforms should be kept clean, wrinkle free, hemmed and complete with a properly tied belt.

When a class is in progress

Walk around the class never through it.
If you need to be excused from the class, let the Master or instructor know.
If you are late for class: change quickly and wait until the class leader signals you to join the class. Do not walk into a class in progress.
Keep your voices down while classes are in progress.

How to behave when you are at Taekwondo:

  1. Address the Master, instructors and black belts as “Sir” or “Ma’am”. Be sure to respond with a “Yes Sir!” or “Yes Ma’am!” when asked.
  2. Salute the flags when entering or leaving the dojang,
  3. Greet the Master, instructors, and classmates with a bow.
  4. Always begin and end with a bow when you are practicing with a partner.
  5. Show courtesy and respect for one another by cooperating with your instructors and classmates during class.
  6. Always end the class with “Gam Sa Ham Ni Da”. It means “Thank You” for the class.
  7. Shake hands with both hands grasping or with left hand supporting the right arm while shaking with the right hand and bow slightly.
  8. Do not laugh at other students.
  9. Do not talk during class.
  10. Try to use the bathroom before class begins.
  11. Put everything back in its place.
  12. Place all your belongs in the shelves provided not on the floor.

Children’s Home Rules

Children who do not follow these rules or listen and obey their parents can be reduced in belt level and rank.

  1. Greet your parents and elders when they enter the home and tell them goodbye when you leave.
  2. Always be courteous, polite and respectful to your parents, relatives, teachers, elders, and friends.
  3. Be kind to your brothers and sisters.
  4. Help keep the house clean and tidy.
  5. Help your parents by offering to do chores around the house.
  6. Offer help to your family and friends when they need it.
  7. Take care of your health by brushing your teeth, brushing your hair, and bathing regularly.
  8. Be truthful and honest at all times.
  9. Study diligently and finish your homework on time
  10. Maintain good grades at school.
  11. Obey and be respectful of your parents and elders.

Promotion Tests

Why do I get tested? Testing is a very important part of Taekwondo. When you test for the next belt, it signifies you are ready to move on to the next level and that you have a good understanding of the material. Once you have tested, you are taught the next set of material relative to your belt rank which brings you one step closer the attaining the goal of black belt.

Rules & Things to Know

  1. Arrive 15 minutes prior to testing and be dressed before the test begins.
  2. Show proper behavior and conduct during a test.
  3. Be quiet and respectful during the test.
  4. Do not talk or laugh during a test. Show other the courtesy and respect you would like to be shown while you are being tested.
  5. Sit properly during a test. Cross legged with hands or fi sts on your knees or in your lap. Do not lay down or lounge around.
  6. If you need to be excused, discreetly ask a black belt by putting your hand up. Walk behind the testing candidates or around the back of the room so that you do not disturb others.
  7. If you are unavoidably late, dress quickly and quietly. Wait in the viewing area until Master Kim or one of the black belts waives you in.

Rules for Spectators

  1. Remember to turn off the ringer on mobile phones. If you see some one with a mobile phone, kindly remind them to turn it to silent mode.
  2. Keep your voices down so that testing candidates can concentrate.
  3. Remind small children to be absolutely quiet.
  4. If you need to take a call on your mobile phone, please go the hallway to talk.
  5. Do not laugh at students who are testing.

Basic Requirements for Testing

Depending on what level you are currently at, you will be asked to show the following during your test:

  • Poomse / Patterns
  • Basic Movements (Beginner, Intermediate, Advanced)
  • One Step / Controlled Self Defense
  • Kyurugi / Sparring
  • Kyukpa / Board Breaking

Testing Etiquette

  1. When your name is called, respond with a loud “Yes Sir!” or “Yes Ma’am!” and RUN, don’t walk, to your position.
  2. If you need to adjust your uniform or belt bow first then turn away from the flags, master and black belts. When you are ready, face forward.
  3. If you forget a step or move during a pattern, try to finish to the end despite the mistake. In the event you freeze and forget the poomse, stop and go back to Joonbe and wait for further instructions.
  4. Begin with a bow to your partner before and after One Step / Controlled Self Defense and Kyrogi.
  5. Applaud and show support to other testing candidates when they are finished.
  6. Try your best to listen to the black belt calling of the commands.